Accessibility Services                                                                                              
Accessibility is most often used to describe facilities or amenities to assist people with disabilities, as in "wheelchair accessible". This can extend to Braille signage, wheelchair ramps, audio signals at pedestrian crossings, walkway contours, website design, and so on. The disability rights movement advocates for more accessibility.

Various countries have legislation requiring accessibility:Join the largest database of paid surveys today and start making money from home

 

Disability Information and Resources

DISABILITY Information and Resources
http://www.makoa.org/

  • Gateway to all kinds of disability information.
  • Created and are maintained by Jim Lubin, who is a C2 quadriplegic, completely paralyzed from the neck down and dependent on a ventilator to breathe, using an keyboard/mouse emulator with a sip and puff switch to type Morse codes.

World Association of Persons with Disabilities
http://www.wapd.org/index.html

  • Current information, assistance, and activism for the physically and mentally disabled.

American Foundation for the Blind Web Site
http://www.afb.org/

  • Includes information and statistics on blindness and low vision.
  • Tips for accessible web design; technology in the lives of people with visual impairments, more.

How People With Disabilities Use the Web
http://www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/PWD-Use-Web/Overview.html

  • Scenarios showing how people with disabilities use assistive technologies to access Web sites.
  • Simple steps web authors can take to improve user experience.
 

The Law: Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act

Federal Web Accessibility Standards (summary)
http://usability.gov/accessibility/508.html
  • Requires that federal agencies' electronic and information technology be accessible to people with disabilities.
  • Technical standards for compliance were published on December 21, 2000 and took effect June 21, 2001.
  • Applies to all federal and federally funded Web sites.
  • Full text of Section 508 standards published in Federal Register.
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/508standards.htm

Federal IT Accessibility Initiative: Section508.gov
http://section508.gov/

  • Official home page of Section 508.
  • Comprehensive resource on laws and regulations, training, and current news.
  • "Buy Accessible" - A new service for federal procurement staff.
  • "Section 508 Universe" - Training for webmasters.

 

 

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W3C Standards and Guidelines

World Wide Web Consortium's Web Accessibility Initiative (W3C WAI)
http://www.w3.org/WAI

Free Accessibility Tools

NIST WebMetrics Tool Suite
http://zing.ncsl.nist.gov/WebTools/

  • A set of tools used to test the usability and accessibility of a site.

HTML Validation Service and CSS Validator

  • Minor HTML and CSS syntax errors can have serious consequences for accessibility.
  • Free online validators from W3C help ensure your pages are error-free, accessible, and cross-platform compatible.

W3C's List of Evaluation and Repair Tools
http://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/existingtools.html

  • Descriptions and links to over 30 different kinds of tools.
  • Help with evaluation, retrofitting, and transformation of Web content.

Assistive technology products

Assistive Technology (AT) is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices and the process used in selecting, locating, and using them. AT promotes greater independence for people with disabilities by enabling them to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing enhancements to or changed methods of interacting with the technology needed to accomplish such tasks. According to disability advocates, technology, all too often, is created without regard to people with disabilities, and unnecessary barriers make new technology inaccessible to hundreds of millions.

 

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last updated November, 2013

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